Now let's expand your knowledge about the YA particle In japanese!
The main function of the particle ya is simply creating lists of japanese nouns. That way, we can name a set of things that exist somewhere or things that we are going to do.
At this point, many readers may be remembering the Japanese particle I'm, which also creates lists of Japanese nouns.
The YA particle in Japanese
The basic difference between these two particles is the fact that the particle I'm is used to create an exhaustive list of nouns, obligatorily mentioning all elements.
On the other hand, the particle ya is used to create a “non-exhaustive” list of nouns, where it is not necessary to mention all the elements.
Creating noun lists with the YA particle
To create a noun list with the particle ya, just add the particle after each noun. As this is a “non-exhaustive” list, it is not necessary to mention all the elements.
I bought bread, eggs, milk and so on. / I bought bread, eggs and milk among other things.
Note that the particle ya turns into commas when translated into Portuguese. Also, in Japanese to Portuguese translations, it is common to add words like “and etc” or “among other things” at the end of the word list.
This is because the lists with the particle ya it does not mention all the elements and implies that there are others not mentioned in the sentence.
Using etc explicitly in noun lists
In some japanese phrases, it is common to find the particle swim after a list of Japanese words using the particle ya. In this case the particle swim works like our “etc” or “…” at the end of sentences, explicitly indicating that there are more items that were not mentioned in the word list.
On the table there are pencils, Japanese book, sushi and etc.
Indicating that one action happens immediately after another
when the particle ya appears after a japanese verb in dictionary form, it may indicate that the next action took place right after the action described above. In cases like this, the particle ya it can be translated as “as soon as”, “as soon”, “as soon as”, “as soon as” or something like that.
In the moment that she saw me, started having a tantrum.
As soon as she saw me, greeted me with a smile.
despite the particle ya have other functions, the most basic functions are described above. Over time, I'll add more content to these articles, talking a little more about each of these Japanese particles.