After the demonstrative pronouns of the Japanese language, today we will bring the KOKO SOKO ASOKO (ここ – そこ – あそこ) which are adverbs of place. These words are also known as KO-SO-A-DOS and are often used in the Japanese language.
KOKO SOKO ASOKO (ここ – そこ – あそこ)
These words have similarities to the KORE, SORE AND ARE, however, serve to indicate a place. To simplify:
- ここ has the meaning of on here and is close to the speaker
- そこ means there and is close to whoever is listening
- あそこ means there and is far from those who speak and listen
In the following video you will see how simple it is to use KOKO, SOKO AND ASOKO (ここ – そこ – あそこ) in the sentences:
Below in the example sentences of the video you will understand better:
Here is my room.
The cafeteria is there.
The word DOKO has the meaning where , below see the example sentences:
Where is the bathroom?
Response: トイレはあそこです。or あそこです。(TOIREWAASOKODESU.) or (ASOKODESU)
The bathroom is there.
Question: ここはきょうしつですか。or きょうしつはここですか。(KOKOWAKYOUSHITSUDESUKA.) or (KYOUSHITSUWAKOKODESUKA.)
Is the classroom here?
Response: はい、そうです。(HAI, SODESU.)
Yes, it is here.
To say that this is not the room
It's not wrong.
Here is the kitchen.
One more example sentence from the NHK course:
There is the library.
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